A Cognitive Review for Improving the Collaboration between BIM and Lean Experts

Soudabeh Davoudabadi*, Barbara Pedo, Algan Tezel, Lauri Koskela

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter


Collaboration between Lean Construction and BIM teams is a key factor in exploiting the synergies between Lean and BIM. Although various studies have underlined the importance of team cognition and Team Mental Models (TMM) in the success or failure of collaboration amongst teams, those concepts have not been sufficiently explored from a Lean/BIM perspective. Therefore, this study attempts to introduce the concept of TMM to the Lean-BIM domain by conducting a cognitive review of the Lean-BIM joint implementation at an engineering design firm in the UK with the principal aim of developing a set of suggestions to improve the collaboration between BIM and Lean experts. To collect data, this study used a mixed research approach including secondary research, a case study and semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was conducted through Thematic Analysis to find the main barriers hindering an effective Lean-BIM joint implementation. Findings also suggest that improving the components of TMM can result in an improved Lean-BIM joint implementation. A set of recommendations for Lean and BIM teams’ collaboration is also given in the paper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC30)
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright IGLC 2022 - IGLC papers can be freely distributed as long as they are kept in their original form. Specifically, it is not necessary to request permission to add IGLC papers into institutional repositories, neither from the IGLC nor from the proceeding editors.


  • Design
  • team mental models
  • team cognition
  • BIM and Lean collaboration
  • BIM and Lean synergy


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