A Decision-making Methodology Integrated in Product Design for Additive Manufacturing Process Selection

Wei Liu, Zicheng Zhu, Songhe Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The decision-making for additive manufacturing (AM) process selection is typically applied in the end of the product design stages based upon an already finished design. However, due to unique characteristics of AM processes, the part needs to be designed for the specific AM process. This requires potentially feasible AM techniques to be identified in early design stages. This paper aims to develop such a decision-making methodology that can seamlessly be integrated in the product design stages to facilitate AM process selection and assist product/part design. Design/methodology/approach: The decision-making methodology consists of four elements, namely, initial screening, technical evaluation and selection of feasible AM processes, re-evaluation of the feasible process and production machine selection. Prior to the design phase, the methodology determines whether AM production is suitable based on the given design requirements. As the design progresses, a more accurate process selection in terms of technical and economic viability is performed using the analytic hierarchy process technique. Features that would cause potential manufacturability issues and increased production costs will be identified and modified. Finally, a production machine that is best suited for the finished product design is identified. Findings: The methodology was found to be able to facilitate the design process by enabling designers to identify appropriate AM technique and production machine, which was demonstrated in the case study. Originality/value: This study addresses the gap between the isolated product design and process selection stages by developing the decision-making methodology that can be integrated in product design stages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-909
Number of pages15
JournalRapid Prototyping Journal
Issue number5
Early online date28 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2020

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Analytic hierarchy process
  • Design for additive manufacturing
  • Manufacturing process selection
  • Multiple criteria decision-making


Dive into the research topics of 'A Decision-making Methodology Integrated in Product Design for Additive Manufacturing Process Selection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this