A multi-core fiber based interferometer for high temperature sensing

Song Zhou, Bo Huang, Xuewen Shu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we have verified and implemented a Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on seven-core fiber for high temperature sensing application. This proposed structure is based on a multi-mode-multi-core-multi-mode fiber structure sandwiched by a single mode fiber. Between the single-mode and multi-core fiber, a 3 mm long multi-mode fiber is formed for lead-in and lead-out light. The basic operation principle of this device is the use of multi-core modes, single-mode and multi-mode interference coupling is also utilized. Experimental results indicate that this interferometer sensor is capable of accurate measurements of temperatures up to 800 C, and the temperature sensitivity of the proposed sensor is as high as 170.2 pm/ C, which is much higher than the current existing MZI based temperature sensors (109 pm/C). This type of sensor is promising for practical high temperature applications due to its advantages including high sensitivity, simple fabrication process, low cost and compactness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045107
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number4
Early online date24 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


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