A Survey on Socially Aware Robot Navigation: Taxonomy and Future Challenges

Phani Teja Singamaneni*, Pilar Bachiller-Burgos, Luis J. Manso, Anaís Garrell, Alberto Sanfeliu, Anne Spalanzani, Rachid Alami

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Socially aware robot navigation is gaining popularity with the increase in delivery and assistive robots. The research is further fueled by a need for socially aware navigation skills in autonomous vehicles to move safely and appropriately in spaces shared with humans. Although most of these are ground robots, drones are also entering the field. In this paper, we present a literature survey of the works on socially aware robot navigation in the past 10 years. We propose four different faceted taxonomies to navigate the literature and examine the field from four different perspectives. Through the taxonomic review, we discuss the current research directions and the extending scope of applications in various domains. Further, we put forward a list of current research opportunities and present a discussion on possible future challenges that are likely to emerge in the field.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe International Journal of Robotics Research
Early online date12 Feb 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. This accepted manuscript version is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/].


  • Socially Aware Robot Navigation
  • Human-aware Navigation
  • Literature Survey
  • Taxonomy
  • Challenges


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