An internal electrode strategy for enhancing the stability and durability of triboelectric nanogenerator

Yibing Xie, Zihao Wang, Xiaoyue Ren, Maxwell Fordjour Antwi-Afari, Yameng Wang, Hao-Yang Mi, Bao Yang, Chuntai Liu, Changyu Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, an internal electrode triboelectric nanogenerator (IE-TENG) design is proposed to enhance the stability, durability, and long-term performance of TENGs. By embedding a mesh-structured metal electrode in the friction layer, the IE-TENG becomes more flexible, lightweight, and robust than the traditional external electrode TENG (EE-TENG). When using copper mesh internal electrodes with higher grid density, the greater output can be achieved by comparing a series of polydimethylsiloxane(PDMS)-based IE-TENG. An equivalent output was obtained when using 60 copper mesh compared to EE-TENG, and the trend maintains for tribonegative low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and tribopositive polyamide (PA) polymers, which verifies the usability of the approach and the effective induction area of the internal electrode. The internal electrode design significantly enhanced the tolerance of the device to harsh environments and guaranteed excellent output stability. In addition, the IE-TENGs possess superior resistance to external interference and had about one time shorter saturation time for surface charges. As a demonstration, the IE-TENG can be used for collecting motion-sensing signals and detecting various sports activities. This study provides a novel strategy for the designing and customizing of highly integrated TENGs with enhanced durability for practical long-term applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110014
Number of pages9
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Early online date1 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. This accepted manuscript version is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License [].


  • A: Flexible composites
  • A: Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • B: Electrical properties


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