Animation or leaflet: Does it make a difference when educating young people about genome sequencing?

Jennifer Hammond, Ian Garner, Melissa Hill, Christine Patch, Amy Hunter, Beverly Searle, Saskia C Sanderson, Celine Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To compare the effectiveness of an animation against two leaflets with and without images, in educating young people about genome sequencing (GS). Methods: An experimental survey with three assessment points (pre- intervention [T1], post – intervention [T2], 6-week follow-up [T3]). Participants (N = 606) were randomly assigned to receive one of three educational interventions; animation (n = 212); leaflet with images (n = 197); or leaflet with text only (n = 197). Measures of objective and subjective knowledge were completed at T1 (N = 606), T2 (N = 606) and T3 (N = 459). Measures of attitudes, intentions and beliefs towards GS and satisfaction with intervention were completed at T2 only. Results: The type of educational intervention young people received had no significant impact on their objective or subjective knowledge at both T2 and T3 (all p > .05), nor did the educational intervention type affect their attitudes, intentions and beliefs towards GS at T2 (p > .05). However, participant satisfaction was significantly higher in the animation group than the leaflet groups (p < .001). Conclusion: Animations and leaflets are both effective ways to deliver genomic education to young people, but the animations lead to higher satisfaction. Practice implications: Different individuals may find different modes of educational resources more accessible than others. Therefore a range of resources should ideally be made available to patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2522-2530
Number of pages9
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Issue number10
Early online date1 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND

Funding Information:
The animations were funded through a grant ( V0416 ) from the Great Ormond Street Hospital Children’s Charity . CL is funded by a Fellowship Award from Health Education England Genomics Programme. MH is partially funded by the NIHR BRC at Great Ormond Street Hospital.


  • Animation
  • Education
  • Genome sequencing
  • Leaflet
  • Young people


Dive into the research topics of 'Animation or leaflet: Does it make a difference when educating young people about genome sequencing?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this