Antecedents and consequences of the social categorization of expatriates in India

Shaun Pichler, Arup Varma, Pawan Budhwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multinational organizations have dramatically increased their operations in Asian countries in recent years. The success of expatriate assignments has therefore become increasingly important for multinationals. Social and cultural psychologists have proposed that host country nationals' (HCN) attitudes toward expatriates are key antecedents of interpersonally supportive behavior related to assignment success. We developed and tested a model of HCN social categorization and helping of expatriates based on the social–psychological theory. Results indicated that perceived values similarity and collectivism are negatively related to social categorization of expatriates, and that social categorization is negatively related to the provision of role information and social support by HCNs. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for theory and for organizations sending expatriates to culturally dissimilar host countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-927
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number5
Early online date7 Feb 2012
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


  • host country nationals' support
  • expatriates
  • India
  • social categorization


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