Bacteria and the eye

Richard A. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to specialist publication or newspaperArticle


Bacteria are minute unicellular organisms present in abundance in air, water, soil and food and in association with the human body. The majority of bacteria are harmless to humans while a few are useful and have been exploited in, for example, the manufacture of dairy products. However, bacteria are also pathogenic and those include some of the most important human infections such as typhoid, syphilis and tuberculosis. A few bacteria are especially important to optometrists because they are associated with ocular disease, either by causing a primary eye infection or because there are ocular complications of a systemic bacterial infection.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
Specialist publicationOptometry Today
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996


  • bacteria
  • pathogenic
  • human infections
  • typhoid
  • syphilis
  • tuberculosis
  • optometrists
  • ocular disease
  • primary eye infection
  • ocular complications
  • systemic bacterial infection


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