Biomass conversion technologies: fast pyrolysis liquids from biomass: Quality and upgrading

A.V. Bridgwater*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter


Athorough assessment has been made of the characteristics of bio-oil from fast pyrolysis of biomass. Fast pyrolysis uniquely gives high yields of a homogenous mobile liquid for direct use for heat and power and indirect use for biofuels and green chemicals. An improved understanding of the significance of the different aspects of quality of bio-oil helps to establish standards and key quality requirements which help to define limitations for use. An appreciation of the potential for bio-oil to meet a broad spectrum of applications in renewable energy has led to a significantly increased R&D activity in studying the science and technology of fast pyrolysis with increased emphasis on quality improvement. This increased activity is evident in North America, Europe and Asia with many new entrants as well as expansion of existing activities. The only disappointment is the continued limited industrial development and deployment of fast pyrolysis that are necessary to provide the basic bio-oil raw material for the development and exploitation of applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiorefineries: targeting energy, high value products and waste valorisation
EditorsMiriam Rabaçal, Ana F. Ferreira, Carla A.M. Silva, Mário Costa
Place of PublicationCham (CH)
Number of pages44
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-48288-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-48286-6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Energy
ISSN (Print)2195-1284
ISSN (Electronic)2195-1292

Bibliographical note



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