Blockchain innovation ecosystems orchestration in construction

Eleni Papadonikolaki, Algan Tezel, Ibrahim Yitmen, Per Hilletofth*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Rapid advancements in blockchain technology transform various sectors attracting the attention of industrialists, practitioners, policy-makers, academics, and profoundly affect construction businesses through smart contracts and crypto-economics. This paper explores the blockchain innovation ecosystem in construction.
Design/methodology/approach: Through a qualitative study of 23 diverse interviewees, we explored how open or closed the blockchain innovation ecosystem in construction is and who its emerging orchestrators are.
Findings: The data showed that construction aims towards an open innovation blockchain ecosystem, although there are elements of hybridisation and closedness, each system pointing out to different orchestrators.
Practical implications: The study has implications for governments and large companies in construction showing that open innovation initiatives need to be encouraged by policy-makers through rules, regulations and government-sponsored demonstrator projects.
Social implications: The data showed that there is lack of readiness for business model change to support open innovation blockchain ecosystems in construction.
Originality: This is the first study applying the open innovation theory in the construction industry and sheds light into the phenomenon of blockchain suggesting routes for further democratisation of the technology for policy-makers and practitioners.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIndustrial Management and Data Systems
Early online date24 Nov 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright © Eleni Papadonikolaki, Algan Tezel, Ibrahim Yitmen and Per Hilletofth. Published by Emerald Publishing Limited. This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) licence. Anyone may reproduce, distribute, translate and create derivative works of this article (for both commercial and no commercial purposes), subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The full terms of this licence may be seen at

Funding: This work incorporates results from the research project “Toward Blockchain-enabled Construction Supply Chains: Potential, Requirements and Implementation” funded by the Centre for Digital Built Britain, under Innovate UK Grant No. 90066.


  • blockchain
  • Building information modeling (BIM)
  • Ecosystem
  • innovation
  • ecosystem orchestration


Dive into the research topics of 'Blockchain innovation ecosystems orchestration in construction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this