Catalytic upgrading of bio-oils by esterification

Lachlan Ciddor, James A. Bennett, James A. Hunns, Karen Wilson, Adam F. Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Biomass is the term given to naturally-produced organic matter resulting from photosynthesis, and represents the most abundant organic polymers on Earth. Consequently, there has been great interest in the potential exploitation of lignocellulosic biomass as a renewable feedstock for energy, materials and chemicals production. The energy sector has largely focused on the direct thermochemical processing of lignocellulose via pyrolysis/gasification for heat generation, and the co-production of bio-oils and bio-gas which may be upgraded to produce drop-in transportation fuels. This mini-review describes recent advances in the design and application of solid acid catalysts for the energy efficient upgrading of pyrolysis biofuels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)780-795
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Issue number5
Early online date27 Feb 2015
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Bibliographical note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ciddor, L., Bennett, J. A., Hunns, J. A., Wilson, K., & Lee, A. F. (2015). Catalytic upgrading of bio-oils by esterification. Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology, 90(5), 780-795, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

Funding: EPSRC (EP/G007594/4, EP/K036548/1 and a Leadership Fellowship; Royal Society (Industry Fellowship; and European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)
under grant agreement no. 604307


  • biofuel
  • catalysis
  • catalytic processes
  • green chemistry
  • pyrolysis
  • zeolites


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