Characterisation of the porcine eyeball as an in-vitro model for dry eye

Francesco Menduni, Leon N Davies, David Madrid-Costa, Antonio Fratini, James S. Wolffsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To characterise the anatomical parameters of the porcine eye for potentially using it as a laboratory model of dry eye.
Anterior chamber depth and angle, corneal curvature, shortest and longest diameter, endothelial cell density, and pachymetry were measured in sixty freshly enucleated porcine eyeballs.
Corneal steepest meridian was 7.85 ± 0.32 mm, corneal flattest meridian was 8.28 ± 0.32 mm, shortest corneal diameter was 12.69 ± 0.58 mm, longest corneal diameter was 14.88 ± 0.66 mm and central corneal ultrasonic pachymetry was 1009 ± 1μm. Anterior chamber angle was 28.83 ± 4.16°, anterior chamber depth was 1.77 ± 0.27 mm, and central corneal thickness measured using OCT was 1248 ± 144μm. Corneal endothelial cell density was 3250 ± 172 cells/mm2.
Combining different clinical techniques produced a pool of reproducible data on the porcine eye anatomy, which can be used by researchers to assess the viability of using the porcine eye as an in-vitro/ex-vivo model for dry eye. Due to the similar morphology with the human eye, porcine eyeballs may represent a useful and cost effective model to individually study important key factors in the development of dry eye, such as environmental and mechanical stresses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-17
JournalContact Lens and Anterior Eye
Issue number1
Early online date3 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2017 British Contact Lens Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

Funding: European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 642760.


  • Porcine eye
  • Dry eye
  • Confocal microscopy
  • Optical coherence tomography


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