Cloud based cyber-physical systems: Network evaluation study

Erik Kajati*, Peter Papcun, Chao Liu, Ray Y. Zhong, Jiri Koziorek, Iveta Zolotova

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In recent years, the Industry 4.0 concept brings new demands and trends in different areas; one of them is distributing computational power to the cloud. This concept also introduced the Reference Architectural Model for Industry 4.0 (RAMI 4.0). The efficiency of data communications within the RAMI 4.0 model is a critical issue. Aiming to evaluate the efficiency of data communication in the Cloud Based Cyber-Physical Systems (CB-CPS), this study analyzes the periods and data amount required to communicate with individual hierarchy levels of the RAMI 4.0 model. The evaluation of the network properties of the communication protocols eligible for CB-CPS is presented. The network properties to different cloud providers and data centers’ locations have been measured and interpreted. To test the findings, an architecture for cloud control of laboratory model was proposed. It was found that the time of the day; the day of the week; and data center utilization have a negligible impact on latency. The most significant impact lies in the data center distance and the speed of the communication channel. Moreover, the communication protocol also has impact on the latency. The feasibility of controlling each level of RAMI 4.0 through cloud services was investigated. Experimental results showed that control is possible in many solutions, but these solutions mostly cannot depend just on cloud services. The intelligence on the edge of the network will play a significant role. The main contribution is a thorough evaluation of different cloud providers, locations, and communication protocols to provide recommendations sufficient for different levels of the RAMI 4.0 architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100988
JournalAdvanced Engineering Informatics
Early online date27 Sept 2019
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This publication was supported by the grant VEGA – 1/0663/17 Intelligent Cyber-Physical Systems in Heterogeneous Environment Supported by IoE and Cloud Services. This work was supported by the European Regional Development Fund in the Research Centre of Advanced Mechatronic Systems project, project number CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000867 within the Operational Programme Research, Development and Education.


  • Cloud
  • Cyber-physical systems
  • Industry 4.0
  • Microsoft Azure
  • Network evaluation
  • RAMI 4.0


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