Common brain structure findings across children with varied reading disability profiles

Mark A. Eckert*, Kenneth I. Vaden Jr., Amanda B. Maxwell, Stephanie L. Cute, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Virginia W. Berninger, B. Wandell,

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dyslexia is a developmental disorder in reading that exhibits varied patterns of expression across children. Here we examined the degree to which different kinds of reading disabilities (defined as profiles or patterns of reading problems) contribute to brain morphology results in Jacobian determinant images that represent local brain shape and volume. A matched-pair brain morphometry approach was used to control for confounding from brain size and research site effects in this retrospective multi-site study of 134 children from eight different research sites. Parietal operculum, corona radiata, and internal capsule differences between cases and controls were consistently observed across children with evidence of classic dyslexia, specific comprehension deficit, and language learning disability. Thus, there can be common brain morphology findings across children with quite varied reading disability profiles that we hypothesize compound the developmental difficulties of children with unique reading disability profiles and reasons for their reading disability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6009
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2017

Bibliographical note

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