Coordination of public-private transport and sustainability measurement: A futuristic perspective in transport

Majid Azadi, Hossein Azizi, Reza Farzipoor Saen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coordination in providing sustainable and effective transport services can be beneficial for both the public and private sectors. Although there is considerable research in each of public and private transport, the literature shows that research on public-private coordination is rare. Furthermore, performance measurement of public-private transport has been another less explored topic in transport systems. Based on these knowledge gaps, we make contributions to the transportation field by performance measurement and coordination of public-private transport within multimodal transport networks. In this paper, we model public-private transport networks by developing a novel network data envelopment analysis (NDEA) with some distinctive features. The model is built based on the directional distance function (DDF) and provides detailed insights into the sustainability and coordination of public-private transport networks operating in a supply chain. It also provides resource allocation among decision making units (DMUs).

Original languageEnglish
Article number138464
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Early online date16 Aug 2023
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023, Elsevier Ltd. This accepted manuscript version is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License [].


  • Coordination
  • Data envelopment analysis (DEA)
  • Performance measurement
  • Public-private transport
  • Resource allocation


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