Development and validation of a computationally efficient pseudo 3D model for planar SOFC integrated with a heating furnace

Shi Tang, Amirpiran Amiri, Periasamy Vijay, Moses O. Tadé*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Efficient numerical models facilitate the study and design of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), stacks, and systems. Whilst the accuracy and reliability of the computed results are usually sought by researchers, the corresponding modelling complexities could result in practical difficulties regarding the implementation flexibility and computational costs. The main objective of this article is to adapt a simple but viable numerical tool for evaluation of our experimental rig. Accordingly, a model for a multi-layer SOFC surrounded by a constant temperature furnace is presented, trained and validated against experimental data. The model consists of a four-layer structure including stand, two interconnects, and PEN (Positive electrode-Electrolyte-Negative electrode); each being approximated by a lumped parameter model. The heating process through the surrounding chamber is also considered. We used a set of V-I characteristics data for parameter adjustment followed by model verification against two independent sets of data. The model results show a good agreement with practical data, offering a significant improvement compared to reduced models in which the impact of external heat loss is neglected. Furthermore, thermal analysis for adiabatic and non-adiabatic process is carried out to capture the thermal behaviour of a single cell followed by a polarisation loss assessment. Finally, model-based design of experiment is demonstrated for a case study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-262
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Early online date23 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note



  • experimental validation
  • multi-layer modelling
  • SOFC
  • thermal management


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