Developments of electric cars and fuel cell hydrogen electric cars

Tabbi Wilberforce, Zaki El-Hassan*, F. N. Khatib, Ahmed Al Makky, Ahmad Baroutaji, James G. Carton, Abdul G. Olabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The world continues to strive in the search for clean power sources to run the millions of different vehicles on the road on daily basis as they are the main contributors to toxic emissions releases from internal combustion engines to the atmosphere. These toxic emissions contribute to climate change and air pollution and impact negatively on people's health. Fuel cell devices are gradually replacing the internal combustion engines in the transport industry. Some notable challenges of the PEMFC technology are discussed in this paper. High costs, low durability and hydrogen storage problems are some of the major obstacles being examined in this investigation. The paper explores the latest advances in electric cars technology and their design specifications. The study also compares the characteristics and the technologies of the three types of electric cars now available in the market.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25695-25734
Number of pages40
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number40
Early online date31 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2017


  • Battery electric vehicles
  • Electric cars
  • Hybrid cars
  • Internal combustion engine
  • PEM fuel cell
  • Plug – In hybrid cars


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