Did the World Bank drive tariff reforms in Eastern Africa?

Chris Jones, Oliver Morrissey, Doug Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper explores tariff reform in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda between the early 1990s and early 2000s. Tariffs were reformed in an across the board manner consistent with implementing World Bank programs: the average tariff was reduced and the dispersion of tariffs was compressed, with the highest tariffs being eliminated. There is limited evidence of political economy influences on the cross sector pattern of tariffs and reforms, except for a tendency to offer greater protection to larger manufacturing sectors in all countries except Uganda. The technocratic reforms have diluted relative protection and political economy influences in all the four countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-335
Number of pages12
JournalWorld Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011


  • pattern of protection
  • tariff reform
  • political economy
  • Eastern Africa


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