Does spatial locative comprehension predict landmark-based navigation?

Laura Piccardi, Liana Palermo, Alessia Bocchi, Cecilia Guariglia, Simonetta d'Amico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the present study we investigated the role of spatial locative comprehension in learning and retrieving pathways when landmarks were available and when they were absent in a sample of typically developing 6- to 11-year-old children. Our results show that the more proficient children are in understanding spatial locatives the more they are able to learn pathways, retrieve them after a delay and represent them on a map when landmarks are present in the environment. These findings suggest that spatial language is crucial when individuals rely on sequences of landmarks to drive their navigation towards a given goal but that it is not involved when navigational representations based on the geometrical shape of the environment or the coding of body movements are sufficient for memorizing and recalling short pathways.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0115432
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2015

Bibliographical note

© 2015 Piccardi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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