Dual Two-Level Converters Based on Direct Power Control for an Open-Winding Brushless Doubly-Fed Reluctance Generator

Shi Jin*, Long Shi, Liancheng Zhu, Wenping Cao, Ting Dong, Fengge Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes a novel open-winding brushless doubly-fed reluctance generator (OW-BDFRG) with dual two-level converters in order to reduce the converter rating and switching frequency for large-scale wind turbine applications. The new converter topology is equivalent to a three-level converter directly connected to the control winding of typical BDFRG. The OW-BDFRG system with this topology structure requires lower converter rating and switching frequency, and has a more flexible control mode, better operation performance, and fault redundancy capability. For the OW-BDFRG, this paper also proposes a new control scheme combining direct power control (DPC) with sliding mode variable structure (SMVS) control to implement the power tracking. The voltage-vector switching table of DPC is redesigned according to the error signals of active and reactive powers of the power winding, as well as the sector location of control winding flux. The active and reactive powers of the OW-BDFRG can be directly decoupled and independently controlled by properly selecting the switching voltage vectors. The novelty of this paper lies in an OW-BDFRG topology driven by dual two-level converters to improve the system characteristics, and the use of SMVS control to improve the DPC accuracy and robustness to parameter variations. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed system is verified through simulation and experimental studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7898426
Pages (from-to)3898-3906
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2017

Bibliographical note

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Funding: 10.13039/501100001809-National Natural Science Foundation of China; 10.13039/501100005047-Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province, China


  • Brushless doubly-fed generator (BDFG)
  • direct power control (DPC)
  • dual two-level converter
  • open-winding structure
  • reluctance rotor
  • sliding mode variable structure (SMVS)


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