Effect of mixing sequence on the workability and performance of asphalt mixtures

Ebrahim Hesami*, Bjorn Birgisson, Niki Kringos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In Sweden, during recent years, a new type of mixing protocol has been applied, in which the order of mixing is changed from the conventional method. Improved workability and diminished mixing and compaction energy needs have been important drivers for this. Considering that it is the mastic phase, which is modified by changing the mixing order, it provides an interesting case study for explaining the mechanisms of workability in connection with the mastic phase. To do so, an analytical viscosity framework was combined with a mixture morphology framework to upscale to the mixing level and tribology principles to explain the interaction between the mastic and the aggregates. From the mastic viscosity protocol, it was found that the mixing order significantly affects the resulting mastic viscosity. To analyse the effect of this on the workability and resulting mixture performance, X-ray computed tomography was used to analyse mixtures produced by the two different mixing sequences. Mechanical testing was utilised to determine the long-term mechanical performance. In this part of the study, mastic viscosity as a function of particle concentration and distribution was directly coupled to improved mixture workability and enhanced long-term performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-213
Number of pages17
JournalRoad Materials and Pavement Design
Issue numberSuppl.2
Early online date11 Sept 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note



  • asphalt mastics
  • asphalt mixtures
  • mastic viscosity
  • mixing method
  • sequential mixing
  • workability


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