Effect of titanium carbonitride (Ti(C,N)) decomposition on failure mechanisms in inconel 617 alloy

Ram Krishna, Sarah V. Hainsworth*, Simon P A Gill, Helen V. Atkinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Titanium Carbonitride (Ti(C,N)) decomposition in Inconel 617 alloy creep-exposed at 650°C for 574 hours is reported using analytical electron microscopy techniques. Cr-enriched M23C6-type carbides enveloped in fine gamma prime particles thought to be precipitated from the decomposition reaction are observed in the alloy. The morphology of the M23C6 carbides is irregular and blocky and the particle size up to 5μm, whereas the morphology of gamma prime particles is mostly spherical and up to 30 nm in size. Intergranular carbides are mostly secondary precipitates of the M23Cc type (M predominantly Cr) and these respond to solution heat treatment and precipitate on the grain boundaries as a result of ageing. The ability of intragranular MX to decompose is sensitive to the N content, high N resists decomposition. Decomposed intragranular MX provides an excess source of C which can react locally with Cr to form heat treatable intragranular fine Cr23C6 precipitates. M6C can segregate in interdendritic locations during melting which may be the reason for high content of Mo in M23C6. These precipitates are generally very small and contribute to an additional hardening effect and are the reason for the onset of voiding and cracking along the grain boundaries that ultimately lead to a reduced creep rupture life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-342
Number of pages7
JournalMicroscopy Research and Technique
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015


  • Carbide decomposition reaction
  • Creep
  • Hardness
  • Inconel 617
  • Intergranular fracture
  • TEM


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