Evaluating digital diabetic retinopathy screening in people aged 90 years and over

Abigail S. Tye, Helen Wharton, Jonathan Gibson, M. Clarke, A. Wright, A. Mills, P.M. Dodson

Research output: Unpublished contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


Introduction: The English National Screening Programme determines that all people with diabetes aged 12 and over should be screened annually for diabetic retinopathy (DR) until they die.
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate digital DR screening in patients aged 90 and over to establish whether it is appropriate to cease screening at age 90.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of 200 randomly selected patients with diabetes aged 90 and over within the Birmingham and Black Country Screening Programme.
Results: 179 (90%) patients attended screening at least once after turning 90 years of age. To date, the mean number of screens per person 90+ was two (range 1–6) and the mean age of the first of these screens was 91 years (range 90–98 years). 133 (74%) were put on annual recall after their first screen in their 90’s, of which 58% had no visible DR bilaterally. 38 (21%) were referred to ophthalmology - 35 (92%) for non-DR reasons and three for maculopathy. Of the 133 patients put on annual recall, 75 (56%) were screened at least once more. Seven improved, 36 remained stable, three became unsuitable and 29 deteriorated. Of the latter, 18 patients were referred to ophthalmology; one of these for DR.
Conclusion: Patients with diabetes aged 90 and over are at low risk of sight threatening DR and annual screening in this age group may be unnecessary. However, annual screening does provide opportunistic identification.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventRoyal College of Ophthalmologists Annual Congress 2012 - Liverpool, United Kingdom
Duration: 15 May 201217 May 2012


ConferenceRoyal College of Ophthalmologists Annual Congress 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


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