Evaluation of Actual Timetables and Utilization Levels of West Midlands Metro Using Event-Based Simulations

Praful Potti, Marin Marinov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The performance of the West Midlands Metro in the United Kingdom is analyzed in the present study by evaluating the existing timetables of the metro system. Using SIMUL8 computer software, a discrete event-based simulation prototype modeling the metro system is developed and implemented. The model adequately describes the performance of the West Midlands Metro system. By running simulations, the overall utilization level of the metro system is calculated. The results of the simulation model indicate that the metro system is being underutilized. The low utilization rates indicate a potential for the introduction of new services capable of exploiting the existing infrastructure and improving the utilization levels of the existing metro system; For example, the potential of using the current metro system for urban freight transport could be a new service of interest and provide scope for further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-41
Number of pages14
JournalUrban Rail Transit
Issue number1
Early online date8 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.


  • Metro
  • Metro system performance
  • Modeling
  • Rail
  • SIMUL8
  • Simulation
  • Timetable
  • Urban freight
  • Utilization levels


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