Explaining employee turnover in an Asian context

Naresh Khatri, Chong T. Fern, Pawan Budhwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Employee turnover is giving sleepless nights to HR managers in many countries in Asia. A widely-held belief in these countries is that employees have developed 'bad' attitudes due to the labour shortage. Employees are believed to job-hop for no reason, or even for fun. Unfortunately, despite employee turnover being such a serious problem in Asia, there is a dearth of studies investigating it; in particular studies using a comprehensive set of variables are rare. This study examines three sets of antecedents of turnover intention in companies in Singapore: demographic, controllable and uncontrollable. Singapore companies provide an appropriate setting as their turnover rates are among the highest in Asia. Findings of the study suggest that organisational commitment, procedural justice and a job-hopping attitude were three main factors associated with turnover intention in Singapore companies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-74
Number of pages21
JournalHuman Resource Management Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2001


  • employee turnover
  • HR managers
  • Asia
  • labour shortage
  • job-hop
  • Singapore
  • organisational commitment
  • procedural justice
  • job-hopping
  • turnover intention


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