Functional characterization of two human receptor activity-modifying protein 3 variants

Richard J. Bailey, Joshua W.I. Bradley, David R Poyner, Daniel L. Rathbone, Debbie L. Hay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adrenomedullin (AM) and amylin are involved in angiogenesis/lymphangiogenesis and glucose homeostasis/food intake, respectively. They activate receptor activity-modifying protein (RAMP)/G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) complexes. RAMP3 with the calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) forms the AM(2) receptor, whereas when paired with the calcitonin receptor AMY(3) receptors are formed. RAMP3 interacts with other GPCRs although the consequences of these interactions are poorly understood. Therefore, variations in the RAMP3 sequence, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms or mutations could be relevant to human health. Variants of RAMP3 have been identified. In particular, analysis of AK222469 (Homo sapiens mRNA for receptor (calcitonin) activity-modifying protein 3 precursor variant) revealed several nucleotide differences, three of which encoded amino acid changes (Cys40Trp, Phe100Ser, Leu147Pro). Trp56Arg RAMP3 is a polymorphic variant of human RAMP3 at a conserved amino acid position. To determine their function we used wild-type (WT) human RAMP3 as a template for introducing amino acid mutations. Mutant or WT RAMP3 function was determined in Cos-7 cells with CLR or the calcitonin receptor (CT((a))). Cys40Trp/Phe100Ser/Leu147Pro RAMP3 was functionally compromised, with reduced AM and amylin potency at the respective AM(2) and AMY(3(a)) receptor complexes. Cys40Trp and Phe100Ser mutations contributed to this phenotype, unlike Leu147Pro. Reduced cell-surface expression of mutant receptor complexes probably explains the functional data. In contrast, Trp56Arg RAMP3 was WT in phenotype. This study provides insight into the role of these residues in RAMP3. The existence of AK222469 in the human population has implications for the function of RAMP3/GPCR complexes, particularly AM and amylin receptors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-584
Number of pages6
Issue number4
Early online date23 Dec 2009
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010


  • amino acid sequence
  • animals
  • COS cells
  • cercopithecus aethiops
  • humans
  • intracellular signaling peptides and proteins
  • membrane proteins
  • molecular models
  • molecular sequence data
  • site-directed mutagenesis
  • protein conformation
  • protein isoforms
  • receptor activity-modifying protein 3
  • receptor activity-modifying proteins
  • G-protein-coupled receptors


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