Fuzzy data envelopment analysis: a discrete approach

Majid Zerafat Angiz L., Ali Emrouznejad, Adli Mustafa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Data envelopment analysis (DEA) as introduced by Charnes, Cooper, and Rhodes (1978) is a linear programming technique that has widely been used to evaluate the relative efficiency of a set of homogenous decision making units (DMUs). In many real applications, the input-output variables cannot be precisely measured. This is particularly important in assessing efficiency of DMUs using DEA, since the efficiency score of inefficient DMUs are very sensitive to possible data errors. Hence, several approaches have been proposed to deal with imprecise data. Perhaps the most popular fuzzy DEA model is based on a-cut. One drawback of the a-cut approach is that it cannot include all information about uncertainty. This paper aims to introduce an alternative linear programming model that can include some uncertainty information from the intervals within the a-cut approach. We introduce the concept of "local a-level" to develop a multi-objective linear programming to measure the efficiency of DMUs under uncertainty. An example is given to illustrate the use of this method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2263-2269
Number of pages7
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2012

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Expert systems with applications. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Zerafat Angiz, ML, Emrouznejad, A & Mustafa, A, 'Fuzzy data envelopment analysis: a discrete approach' Expert systems with applications, vol. 39, no. 3 (2012) DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2011.07.118


  • fuzzy data envelopment analysis
  • interval data
  • local a-level
  • multi objective programming
  • decision making unit


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