Heteroatom Doped High Porosity Carbon Nanomaterials as Electrodes for Energy Storage in Electrochemical Capacitors: A Review

Qaisar Abbas, Rizwan Raza, Imarn Shabbir, A.g. Olabi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


At present it is indispensable to develop and implement new/state-of-the-art carbon nanomaterials as electrodes in electrochemical capacitors, since conventional activated carbon based supercapacitor cells cannot fulfil the growing demand of high energy and power densities of electronic devices of the present era, as a result of the rapid developments in this field. Functionalized carbon nanomaterials symbolize the type of materials with huge potential for their use in energy related applications in general and as an electrode active material for electrochemical capacitors in particular. Nitrogen doping of carbons has shown promising results in the field of energy storage in electrochemical capacitors, gaining attention of researchers to evaluate the performance of new heteroatoms functionalised materials such as sulphur, phosphorus and boron lately. Literature is widely available on nitrogen doped materials research for energy storage applications; however, there has been a limited number of review works on other functional materials beyond nitrogen. This review article thus aims to provide important insights and an up-to-date analysis of the most recent developments, the directions of future research, and the techniques used for the synthesis of these functional materials. A critical review of the electrochemical performance including specific capacitance and energy/power densities is made, when these single doped or co-doped active materials are used as electrodes in electrochemical capacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-352
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices
Issue number3
Early online date20 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019

Bibliographical note

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)


  • Electrical energy storage
  • Electrochemical energy storage systems
  • Energy crisis
  • Environmental concerns
  • Heteroatom doped carbon nanomaterials


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