High performance interrogation by a composite-double-probe-pulse for ultra-weak FBG array

Yu Liu, Feng Wang, Xuping Zhang, Yixin Zhang, Weihong Xu, Lin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


We propose and experimentally demonstrate a technique using a composite-double-probe-pulse (CDPP) to eliminate the effect of polarization fading for phase-sensitive optical time-domain reflectometry (Φ-OTDR) based on ultra-weak FBG (UWFBG) array. The CDPP is composed of two optical pulses whose spatial interval is equal to twice the spatial interval of adjacent UWFBGs in the UWFBG array. One optical pulse is a long optical pulse, and the other optical pulse is composed of two continuous short optical pulses, whose polarization states are orthogonal to each other. The width of the short pulse is equal to half of the width of the normal pulse and their frequencies are different from the long pulse. By using such a method to perform the sensing for the UWFBG array, distributed quantitative measurement can be realized with only direct detection scheme and the influence of polarization fading in the demodulation of signal is thoroughly eliminated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110483U
JournalProceedings of SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2019
Event17th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks, ICOCN 2018 - Zhuhai, China
Duration: 16 Nov 201819 Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

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  • Optical fiber sensors
  • phase demodulation
  • polarization fading
  • ultra-weak FBG array


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