Induction of vascular remodeling in the lung by chronic house dust mite exposure

Kristina Rydell-Törmänen*, Jill R. Johnson, Ramzi Fattouh, Manel Jordana, Jonas S. Erjefält

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Structural changes to the lung are associated with chronic asthma. In addition to alterations to the airway wall, asthma is associated with vascular modifications, although this aspect of remodeling is poorly understood. We sought to evaluate the character and kinetics of vascular remodeling in response to chronic aeroallergen exposure. Because many ovalbumin-driven models used to investigate allergic airway disease do so in the absence of persistent airway inflammation, we used a protocol of chronic respiratory exposure to house dust mite extract (HDME), which has been shown to induce persistent airway inflammation consistent with that seen in humans with asthma. Mice were exposed to HDME intranasally for 7 or 20 consecutive weeks, and resolution of the inflammatory and remodeling response to allergen was investigated 4 weeks after the end of a 7-week exposure protocol. Measures of vascular remodeling, including total collagen deposition, procollagen I production, endothelial and smooth muscle cell proliferation, smooth muscle area, and presence of myofibroblasts, were investigated histologically in lung vessels of different sizes and locations. We observed an increase in total collagen content, which did not resolve upon cessation of allergen exposure. Other parameters were significantly increased after 7 and/or 20 weeks of allergen exposure but returned to baseline after allergen withdrawal. We conclude that respiratory HDME exposure induces airway remodeling and pulmonary vascular remodeling, and, in accordance with airway remodeling, some components of these structural changes may be irreversible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008


  • House dust mite
  • Myofibroblast
  • Procollagen I
  • Smooth muscle
  • Vascular remodeling


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