Knowledge Graph and Deep Learning-based Text-to-GQL Model for Intelligent Medical Consultation Chatbot

Pin Ni, Ramin Okhrati, Steven Guan, Victor Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Text-to-GQL (Text2GQL) is a task that converts the user's questions into GQL (Graph Query Language) when a graph database is given. That is a task of semantic parsing that transforms natural language problems into logical expressions, which will bring more efficient direct communication between humans and machines. The existing related work mainly focuses on Text-to-SQL tasks, and there is no available semantic parsing method and data set for the graph database. In order to fill the gaps in this field to serve the medical Human–Robot Interactions (HRI) better, we propose this task and a pipeline solution for the Text2GQL task. This solution uses the Adapter pre-trained by “the linking of GQL schemas and the corresponding utterances" as an external knowledge introduction plug-in. By inserting the Adapter into the language model, the mapping between logical language and natural language can be introduced faster and more directly to better realize the end-to-end human–machine language translation task. In the study, the proposed Text2GQL task model is mainly constructed based on an improved pipeline composed of a Language Model, Pre-trained Adapter plug-in, and Pointer Network. This enables the model to copy objects' tokens from utterances, generate corresponding GQL statements for graph database retrieval, and builds an adjustment mechanism to improve the final output. And the experiments have proved that our proposed method has certain competitiveness on the counterpart datasets (Spider, ATIS, GeoQuery, and converted from the Text2SQL task, and the proposed method is also practical in medical scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalInformation Systems Frontiers
Early online date6 Jul 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Jul 2022

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