L-band CYTOP Bragg gratings for ultrasound sensing

Christian Broadway, Kyriacos Kalli, Andreas Theodosiou, Michal Zubel, Kate Sugden, Patrice Megret, Christophe Caucheteur

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputConference publication


Polymer optical fibre (POF) has been receiving increasing attention for sensing applications. The fundamental properties of POF such as PMMA deliver at least an order of magnitude in improvements over silica fibres, though practical difficulties create additional complexity. POF has the potential to deliver lower acoustic impedance, a reduced Young's Modulus and a higher acoustic sensitivity within the megahertz region. In contrast, existing piezo-electric transducers have an inherent narrow acoustic bandwidth and a proportionality to size that causes difficulties for applications such as endoscopy within the biomedical domain. POF generally suffers high attenuation per kilometre at telecommunications wavelengths, limiting fibre lengths to mere centimetres. However, CYTOP, a graded index perfluorinated polymer, is a commercially certified product allowing the use of telecoms region technology and tens of meters of fibre without exceeding acceptable losses. With an effective refractive index between 1.32 and 1.33, it is fundamentally better placed for applications using water or a similar media for acoustic coupling. We demonstrate ultrasonic detection at 5,10 and 15 MHz using a TFBG within a CYTOP fibre in the telecoms region and the latest knowledge in POF handling and connectorisation. This first step in the use of CYTOP demonstrates the viability of the sensor and paves the way towards further advances towards its eventual application.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMicro-Structured and Specialty Optical Fibres V
ISBN (Electronic)9781510618886
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2018
EventMicro-Structured and Specialty Optical Fibres V 2018 - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 25 Apr 201826 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceMicro-Structured and Specialty Optical Fibres V 2018

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2018 SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.


  • biomedical applications
  • fibre Bragg gratings
  • fibre sensors
  • Polymer optical fibre
  • ultrasound detection


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