Laser Doppler flow for the hemodynamic differentiation of tachycardia

Emilia Stegemann*, Mia Weidmann, Alejandra A Miyazawa, Matthew J Shun‐Shin, Francisco Leyva, Abbasin Zegard, Berthold Stegemann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) offer effective therapy for the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) due to ventricular arrhythmias. However, inappropriate shocks have detrimental effects on survival and quality of life. The addition of hemodynamic monitoring may be useful in discriminating clinically important ventricular arrhythmias. Objective: In this study, we assess the ability of laser Doppler flowmetry to assess the hemodynamic effect of paced atrial and ventricular arrhythmias using mean arterial blood pressure as the reference. Methods: In this acute human study in patients undergoing an elective electrophysiological study, laser Doppler flowmetry, arterial blood pressure, and surface ECG were acquired during high‐rate atrial and ventricular pacing to simulate supraventricular and ventricular tachycardias. Results: Arterial blood pressure and laser Doppler flow signals correlated well during atrial and ventricular pacing (rho = 0.694, p < .001). The hemodynamic impairment detected by both methods was greater during ventricular pacing than atrial pacing (–1.0% vs. 19.0%, p < .001). Laser Doppler flowmetry performed better than rate alone to identify hemodynamic impairments. Conclusion: In this acute study, laser Doppler flowmetry tissue perfusion served as a good surrogate measure for arterial pressure, which could be incorporated into future ICDs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14618
Number of pages11
JournalPacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Early online date17 Nov 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2022, The Authors. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License [], which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

Acknowledgements: This work was supported by Medtronic PLC, Bakken Research Center, Maastricht, Netherlands.


  • hemodynamic sensor
  • implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • inappropriate shock
  • LDF
  • sudden cardiac death


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