Macroeconomic determinants of contingent protection: the case of the European Union

Bettina Becker, Martin Theuringer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Contingent Protection has grown to become an important trade restricting device. In the European Union, protection instruments like antidumping are used extensively. This paper analyses whether macroeconomic pressures may contribute to explain the variations in the intensity of antidumping protectionism in the EU. The empirical analysis uses count data
models, applying various specification tests to derive the most appropriate specification. Our results suggest that the filing activity is inversely related to the macroeconomic conditions.
Moreover, they confirm existing evidence for the US suggesting that domestic
macroeconomic pressures are a more important determinant of contingent protection policy than external pressures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalZeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • antidumping
  • protection
  • macroeconomic conditions
  • estimation of count data models


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