Metaphors in Hugo Chávez's political discourse: conceptualizing nation, revolution and opposition

Marco Aponte-Moreno

    Research output: Book/ReportBook


    This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of metaphors used by Hugo Chávez in his efforts to construct and legitimize his Bolivarian Revolution. It focuses on metaphors drawn from three of his most frequent target domains: the nation, his revolution, and the opposition. The author argues that behind an official discourse of inclusion, Chávez's choice of metaphors contributes to the construction of a polarizing discourse of exclusion in which his political opponents are represented as enemies of the nation. Chávez constructs this polarizing discourse of exclusion by combining metaphors that conceptualize: (a) the nation as a person who has been resurrected by his government, as a person ready to fight for his revolution, or as Chávez himself; (b) the revolution as war; and (c) members of the opposition as war combatants or criminals. At the same time, by making explicit references in his discourse about the revolution as the continuation of Simón Bolívar's wars of independence, Chávez contributes to represent opponents as enemies of the nation, given that in the Venezuelan collective imaginary Bolívar is the symbol of the nation's emancipation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationSaarbrücken (DE)
    PublisherVDM Verlag Dr. Müller
    Number of pages180
    ISBN (Print)978-3-639-11525-3
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2009


    • metaphors
    • Hugo Chávez
    • Bolivarian Revolution
    • polarizing discourse
    • Bolívar
    • wars of independence
    • collective imaginary
    • Venezuela
    • Chávez


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