Neuropathological changes in the visual cortex in Alzheimer's disease

Richard A. Armstrong, D. Nochlin, S.M. Sumi, E.C. Alvord

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A survey of 106 cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD) indicated that senile plaques (SP) and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) were recorded as frequent or abundant in the visual cortex in 72% and 27% of cases respectively. Comparable estimates for other brain regions were 89% for both lesions in temporal cortex and 94% and 95% respectively in the hippocampus. In 18 cases studied in detail, the density of SP and NFT was greater in B19/18 than in B17 in cases with early onset and short duration. The density of SP and NFT in B17, B18/19 and parietal cortex was negatively correlated with age at death of the patient but not with duration of the disease. In about 50% of tissue sections examined SP and NFT were clustered at a particular depth in the cortex. Clustering was more frequent in the upper layers of the cortex and in early onset cases. It was concluded that visual stimuli that evoke activity in different areas of visual cortex might be developed as a diagnostic test for early onset AD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1990


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • visual cortex
  • plaques
  • tangles


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