Petroleum pipeline construction planning: a conceptual framework

Prasanta K. Dey, Mario T. Tabucanon, Stephen O. Ogunlana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A cross-country pipeline construction project is exposed to an uncertain environment due to its enormous size (physical, manpower requirement and financial value), complexity in design technology and involvement of external factors. These uncertainties can lead to several changes in project scope during the process of project execution. Unless the changes are properly controlled, the time, cost and quality goals of the project may never be achieved. A methodology is proposed for project control through risk analysis, contingency allocation and hierarchical planning models. Risk analysis is carried out through the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) due to the subjective nature of risks in construction projects. The results of risk analysis are used to determine the logical contingency for project control with the application of probability theory. Ultimate project control is carried out by hierarchical planning model which enables decision makers to take vital decisions during the changing environment of the construction period. Goal programming (GP), a multiple criteria decision-making technique, is proposed for model formulation because of its flexibility and priority-base structure. The project is planned hierarchically in three levels—project, work package and activity. GP is applied separately at each level. Decision variables of each model are different planning parameters of the project. In this study, models are formulated from the owner's perspective and its effectiveness in project control is demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-240
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Project Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1996


  • project planning
  • project control
  • goal programming
  • pipeline construction
  • risk analysis
  • integration


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