Real-time monitoring of asphalt pavement structure fatigue response based on tri-axis accelerometer

Xingwang Wang, Hainian Wang, Chonghui Wang, Ponan Feng, Muhammad Irfan, Junfeng Gao, Zhen Leng, Chen Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fatigue damage is a notable distress of asphalt pavements. However, monitoring the development process of such distresses in real-time remained challenges for researchers. In this paper, the self-developed sensing facility has been utilized to obtain aggregate kinematic response of semi-circular specimen during the fatigue loading process in the upper-middle (H/2), lower-middle (L/2) and lower-right (L/3) positions of the specimen. Angle and acceleration variation in the X, Y, and Z directions were analysed independently at three positions. The correlation between the kinematic characteristic of the aggregate and the vertical deformation of the asphalt mixture specimen is established. The results illustrated that the asphalt mixture viscoelasticity attenuation during fatigue test caused the angle accumulation and acceleration response change of the specimen. The angle accumulation in the X-axis direction and acceleration variation in Y-axis direction of the aggregate at the H/2 position exhibited a significant three-stage change. Angle-Accumulation Rate (AAR) of change is suggested as a long-term monitoring index for the fatigue development of the asphalt mixture. The proposal of AAR index creatively combines the long-term kinematic behaviour and mechanical behaviour of asphalt mixture, making long-term and real-time monitoring of the asphalt pavement health from the perspective of kinematics become possible.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2308158
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
Issue number1
Early online date30 Jan 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jan 2024


  • Asphalt pavement
  • acceleration
  • angle
  • fatigue damage
  • real-time monitoring
  • sensor


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