Risk management in build-operate-transfer projects

Prasanta K. Dey, Stephen O. Ogunlana, Nakaya Takehiko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Construction projects are risky. A build-operate-transfer (BOT) project is recognised as one of the most risky project schemes. This scheme has been employed rather frequently in the past few decades, in both developed and developing countries. However, because of its risky nature, there have been failures as well as successes. Risk analysis in an appropriate way is desirable in implementing BOT projects. There are various tools and techniques applicable to risk analysis. The application of these risk analysis tools and techniques (RATTs) to BOT projects depends on an understanding of the contents and contexts of BOT projects, together with a thorough understanding of RATTs. This paper studies key points in their applications through reviews of relevant literatures and discusses the application of RATTs to BOT projects. The application to BOT projects is considered from the viewpoints of the major project participants, i.e. government, lenders and project companies. Discussion is also made with regard to political risks, which are very important in BOT projects. A flow chart has been introduced to select an appropriate tool for risk management in BOT projects. This study contributes to the establishment of a framework for systematic risk management in BOT projects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-291
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Risk Assessment and Management
Issue number2/3/4
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • BOT projects
  • risk analysis tools and techniques
  • selection model


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