Short cycle times for cost-efficient processing in lyophilized formulations

Edmond Ekenlebie*, Andrew Ingham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Pharmaceutical scientists who bulk freeze dry need to foremost identify what quality factors are of a priority during cycle development since the economics of freeze-drying do not allow for both the cost-efficient production and the ability to obtain the highest quality score across all quality factors. Consider; morphology, activity, dissolution, long-term storage, packaging and cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Pharmaceutical Review
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2011


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