Spray-dried powders for pulmonary drug delivery

Peter C. Seville, Hao-Ying Li, Tristan P. Learoyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Powders for inhalation are traditionally prepared using a destructive micronization process such as jet milling to reduce the particle size of the drug to 2-5 μm. The resultant particles are typically highly cohesive and display poor aerosolization properties, necessitating the addition of a coarse carrier particle to the micronized drug to improve powder flowability. Spray-drying technology offers an alternative, constructive particle production technique to the traditional destructive approach, which may be particularly useful when processing biotechnology products that could be adversely affected by high-energy micronization processes. Advantages of spray drying include the ability to incorporate a wide range of excipients into the spray-drying feedstock, which could modify the aerosolization and stability characterizations of the resultant powders, as well as modify the drug release and absorption profiles following inhalation. This review discusses some of the reasons why pulmonary drug delivery is becoming an increasingly popular route of administration and describes the various investigations that have been undertaken in the preparation of spray-dried powders for pulmonary drug delivery. © 2007 by Begell House, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-360
Number of pages54
JournalCritical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • aerosolization
  • drug absorption
  • inhalation
  • modified release
  • particles


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