Start-up financing in the age of globalization

Julia Korosteleva, Tomasz Mickiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The authors investigate the determinants of start-up financing in fifty-four countries, using the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) surveys for the years 2001-6. They find that financial liberalization increases the total financial size of the individual start-up entrepreneurial project both via the increased use of external and of own funds. In addition, the volume of start-up finance responds positively to international capital inflows, as represented by loans from nonresident banks and remittances, and negatively to the volume of offshore deposits. The positive impact of remittances on total volume of start-up financing is via financing by the entrepreneur.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-49
Number of pages27
JournalEmerging Markets Finance and Trade
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2011


  • capital flows
  • entrepreneurial traits
  • financial freedom
  • Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey
  • informal finance
  • -up financing


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