TFOS lifestyle report introduction: A lifestyle epidemic - Ocular surface disease

Jennifer P Craig, Monica Alves, James S Wolffsohn, Laura E Downie, Nathan Efron, Anat Galor, José Alvaro P Gomes, Lyndon Jones, Maria Markoulli, Fiona Stapleton, Christopher E Starr, Amy Gallant Sullivan, Mark D P Willcox, David A Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-309
Number of pages6
JournalThe ocular surface
Early online date29 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 Published by Elsevier Inc. This accepted manuscript version is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License [].


  • Global consensus workshop
  • Ocular surface disease
  • Contact lenses
  • Cosmetics
  • Digital environment
  • Elective medications
  • Environmental conditions
  • Evidence quality
  • Nutrition
  • Public awareness
  • Societal challenges
  • Dry eye

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