The Baltimore declaration toward the exploration of organoid intelligence

Thomas Hartung*, Lena Smirnova, Itzy E. Morales Pantoja, Akwasi Akwaboah, Dowlette-Mary Alam El Din, Cynthia A. Berlinicke, J. Lomax Boyd, Brian S. Caffo, Ben Cappiello, Tzahi Cohen-Karni, J. Lowry Curley, Ralph Etienne-Cummings, Raha Dastgheyb, David H. Gracias, Frederic Gilbert, Christa Whelan Habela, Fang Han, Timothy D. Harris, Kathrin Herrmann, Eric J. HillQi Huang, Rabih E. Jabbour, Erik C. Johnson, Brett J. Kagan, Caroline Krall, Andre Levchenko, Paul Locke, Alexandra Maertens, Monica Metea, Alysson R. Muotri, Rheinallt Parri, Barton L. Paulhamus, Jesse D. Plotkin, Paul Roach, July Carolina Romero, Jens C. Schwamborn, Fenna Sillé, Alexander S. Szalay, Katya Tsaioun, Daniel Tornero, Joshua T. Vogelstein, Karl J. Wahlin, Donald J. Zack

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
JournalFrontiers in Science
Early online date28 Feb 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 Hartung, Smirnova, Morales Pantoja, Akwaboah, Alam El Din, Berlinicke, Boyd, Caffo, Cappiello, Cohen-Karni, Curley, Etienne-Cummings, Dastgheyb, Gracias, Gilbert, Habela, Han, Harris, Herrmann, Hill, Huang, Jabbour, Johnson, Kagan, Krall, Levchenko, Locke, Maertens, Metea, Muotri, Parri, Paulhamus, Plotkin, Roach, Romero, Schwamborn, Sillé, Szalay, Tsaioun, Tornero, Vogelstein, Wahlin and Zack. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.


  • Impact Journals
  • manifesto
  • organoid
  • artificial intelligence
  • microphysiological systems
  • learning
  • synthetic biology
  • bioengineering
  • biocomputing

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