The evolution and determinants of corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure in a developing country: extent and quality

Teerooven Soobaroyen, Dinesh Ramdhony, Afzalur Rashid, Jeff Gow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the evolution and determinants of the extent and quality of corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure in a developing country (Mauritius).

CSR disclosures from annual reports of all listed companies were hand-collected for a 12-year period (2007–2018). The extent of disclosure was measured using a dichotomous index (41 items) while the quality of each disclosure item was assessed on a three-point scale. We rely on organisational legitimacy and resource dependence theories to investigate (1) trends in CSR disclosure extent and quality (2) the role of selected board and firm characteristics, namely the business qualifications of board members, extent of cross-directorships and the firm’s use of employee volunteering scheme, on CSR disclosure.

CSR disclosure extent, notably in relation to environment and human resources, gradually increased to an overall score of 45%. Comparatively, the quality of disclosures was low, with an average score of 20%. The proportion of business-qualified directors is only positively associated with CSR disclosure extent. The extent of cross-directorships is negatively associated with CSR disclosure quality while employee volunteering is positively associated with disclosure extent and quality.

The findings reveal the relatively low quality of information being disclosed, and in spite of CSR and governance reforms, there seems to be limited influence from the board of directors and their networks; prompting a call to foster greater board engagement on CSR matters. The results also highlight the need for a multi-dimensional assessment of CSR disclosure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-330
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Accounting in Emerging Economies
Issue number2
Early online date12 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2023


  • CSR disclosure
  • Developing country
  • Legitimacy
  • Mauritius
  • Resource dependence


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