The spatial patterns of β/A4 deposit subtypes in Down's syndrome

Richard A. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The spatial patterns of diffuse, primitive and classic β/A4 deposits were studied in coronal sections of the hippocampus and adjacent gyri in 11 cases of Down's syndrome (DS) varying in age from 38 to 67 years. The objectives of the study were first, to compare the spatial patterns of β/A4 deposits revealed in DS with those reported in cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and second, to study how the spatial patterns of β/A4 deposits may develop in the tissue. The spatial patterns revealed in DS exhibited a number of similarities with those reported in AD: (1) the range and frequency of the different types of spatial pattern revealed were similar, (2) β/A4 deposits occurred in clusters and in many cortical tissues, the clusters were distributed in a regular pattern parallel to the pia, (3) the clusters of diffuse and primitive β/A4 deposits occurred in an alternating pattern along the cortex, and (4) the clusters of classic β/A4 deposits were not correlated with the clusters of the diffuse and primitive deposits. Primitive deposits may develop from the diffuse deposits in regions of the cortex where extracellular paired helical filaments were formed. However, clusters of the classic β/A4 deposits, which are formed in older cases, appear to develop independently of the diffuse and primitive deposits. © 1994 Springer-Verlag.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-358
Number of pages6
JournalActa Neuropathologica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1994


  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Down’s syndrome
  • beta/A4 deposits
  • spatial pattern
  • clustering


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