Topographic mapping and source localization of the pattern reversal visual evoked magnetic response

Graham F.A. Harding, Bal Janday, Richard A. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The topography of the visual evoked magnetic response (VEMR) to pattern reversal stimulation was studied in four normal subjects using a single channel BTI magnetometer. VEMRs were recorded from 20 locations over the occipital scalp and the topographic distribution of the most consistent component (P100M) studied. A single dipole in a sphere model was fitted to the data. Topographic maps were similar when recorded two months apart on the same subject to the same stimulus. Half field (HF) stimulation elicited responses from sources on the medial surface of the calcarine fissure mainly in the contralateral hemisphere as predicted by the cruciform model. The full field (FF) responses to large checks were approximately the sum of the HF responses. However, with small checks, FF stimulation appeared to activate a different combination of sources than the two HFs. In addition, HF topography was more consistent between subjects than FF for small check sizes. Topographic studies of the VEMR may help to explain the analogous visual evoked electrical response and will be essential to define optimal recording positions for clinical applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Topography
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1991


  • neuromagnetism
  • visual evoked magnetic response
  • pattern reversal
  • topographic mapping
  • source localization


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