Trade Unions in India: Prospects and Challenges

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter provides the background information on trade unions in India and presents the reasons for the increase in trade union membership in India. It explains management’s dealings with trade unions in India. It is worth noting that the aggregate union membership levels in India rose between 2008 to 2013, a period that coincides with the global financial crisis. Employers can deal with unions in potentially two ways. First, actively pursue an anti-union strategy, which would entail either union busting or preventing trade unions from getting a foothold in the firm, if the firm happens to be non-union. Second, employers can work in cooperation with unions or with employee groups and engage in what is known as a ‘social partnership’ model. Trade unions in India are facing challenges of labour reforms and de-regulation, however, they are far from a spent force.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIndian Business: Understanding a rapidly emerging economy
EditorsPawan Budhwar, Arup Varma, Rajesh Kumar
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781315268422
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2019


  • Trade Unions
  • India
  • political economy


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