Transfer of technology to China: A Scandinavian and European perspective

Peter Bruun*, David Bennett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the question of technology transfer from the perspective of techno-economic security and how companies respond to the possibility of losing competitive advantage through misappropriation or leakage. It explores transfers from Europe to China and addresses in particular the operations of Scandinavian companies within the context of the general picture for other European firms. Its point of departure is the authors' earlier research that looked at the motivations for transfer and the awareness of companies of techno-economic security issues. This has been supplemented by new data gathered by the authors from a number of Scandinavian companies in China. Specific actions have been identified and the ownership issue is introduced together with consideration of the role of the companies against the 'Ferdows' model. The analysis shows that the nature of the security question has changed together with the evolving context in which the companies are operating. In turn, the response of companies is contingent on a number of factors including the time horizon of the strategy for a unit in China and the nature of the strategy. It is also influenced by the form of ownership and management style in a particular organisation. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-106
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Management Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2002


  • China
  • competitive advantage
  • Scandinavia
  • techno-economic security
  • technology transfer


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