Transport, Handling and Storage of Biomass Derived Fast Pyrolysis Liquid

G. V C Peacocke*, Anthony V Bridgwater

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter


Biomass fast pyrolysis liquid is being developed for he1 and chemical applications. As these developments proceed, the liquid product is increasingly being transported by air, water, rail and road to satisfy user demands for products. This paper addresses the legislative requirements and regulations for the safe transport of this liquid. As biomass derived fast pyrolysis liquid is not on the UN approved carriage lists; its own classification has been determined from the UN manual as: UN 1993 Flammable Liquid [Fast Pyrolysis Liquid], n.o.s., 3, l°(a), 2°(a), 1 Ths classification should be used on all packages containing biomass fast pyrolysis liquid. Protocols for the labelling of packages and containers of all sizes are given with the aim of compliance with transport regulations in the EU, Canada and the USA. In conjunction with the requirements for packaging and labelling, guidance on the details to be enclosed on the transportation documents are given, with appropriate MSDS for the liquids. Guidance on the handling of fast pyrolysis liquid and its storage are given with procedures for treatment of spills.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion
EditorsA.V. Bridgwater
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9780470694954, 0632055332, 9780632055333
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2008


  • Biomass fast pyrolysis liquid
  • Flammable liquid
  • Inland transport committee
  • Pyrolysis liquid
  • Specific gravity


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